Need a SAP evaluation by a DOT-qualified SAP? or if you have a positive on a drug or alcohol test call,
National Substance Abuse Professionals Network

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National Substance Abuse Professionals Network

Frequently Asked Questions

General Questions

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Q:  How do I find a Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) in my area?
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A:  Call National Substance Abuse Professionals Network (NSAPN) we have a national network. _____________________________________________________________________

Q:  How do I know if a Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) is DOT qualified?
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A:  Call National Substance Abuse Professionals Network (NSAPN).  NSAPN rigorously credentials all their affiliate Substance Abuse Professionals. _______________________________________________________________________________________

Q:  Do I have to give Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) referrals to applicants that test positive?
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A:  Yes, if you have an applicant applying for a safety-sensitive position and they test positive, the DOT regulations mandate that you provide the applicant with a Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) referral. ________________________________________________________________________________________

Q:  What will happen if I don't give Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) referrals?
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A:  According to the DOT regulation 49 CFR Part 40, all companies with safety-sensitive employees that test positive on a random, pre-employment, reasonable suspicion or post-accident test, must be given Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) referrals.  If an organization fails to do so, they can be subject to severe fines by the Department of Transportation (DOT). ________________________________________________________________________________________

Q:  Can my EAP provide Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) services?
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A:  EAP counselors deal with a spectrum of emotional issues that affect employees, such as relationships, family stress, anxiety and substance abuse.  An EAP counselor utilizes different procedures and requirements concerning confidentiality.  The majority of EAP counselors do not meet the qualification standards required to perform DOT mandated Substance
Abuse Professional (SAP) evaluations.
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Q:  Is the employer, responsible for payment of the Substance Abuse Program (SAP) program?
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A:  The DOT does not require the employer to incur the cost of the Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) program.  This decision is left up to employers themselves. _____________________________________________________________________________________

Q:  Can my employee see another Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) if we don't agree with the recommendations of a Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)?
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A:  No, DOT regulations strictly prohibit second opinions.  The employee must comply with the recommendations of the original Substance Abuse Professionals (SAP).

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Q:  How will I know if the employee follows the Substance Abuse Professionals (SAP) recommendations?
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A:  The Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) is responsible for monitoring compliance of the employees treatment and/or education programs.  NSAPN will also assist in facilitating communication to the DER regarding compliance. ________________________________________________________________________________________

Q:  Can my employee return to safety-sensitive duty after they get the recommendations from a Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)?
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A:  No, the employee must show compliance to the recommendations and be seen by the Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) for a follow-up evaluation.  During the follow-up evaluation the Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) will determine if the employee is eligible to return to safety-sensitive duty. _________________________________________________________________________________________

Q:  Who decides when the employee is ready to return to work?
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A:  Only the Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) can determine if the employee is eligible to return to safety-sensitive duty.
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Q:  Do I have to terminate an employee for testing positive?
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A:  The decision to terminate an employee who has tested positive is left up to the organization and its internal policies.  There are no federal regulations requiring the termination of a safety-sensitive employee. _________________________________________________________________________________________

Q:  Can my employees go to a local substance abuse treatment center and be evaluated by a substance abuse counselor?
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A:  No, most substance abuse treatment centers are staffed with Substance Abuse Counselors who do not meet the criteria of the Department of Transportation to perform substance abuse evaluations.

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